The fish that grow and live on coral reefs are a significant food source for over a billion people worldwide.
Properly managed reefs can yield, on average, 15 tons of fish and other seafood per square kilometer each year. However, destructive fishing practices — such as dynamite fishing, cyanide fishing, and trawling — and unsustainable fishing are threatening the world’s coral ecosystems and limiting the long-term productivity of reef-related fisheries.
Close-up of opening mouth of single polyped Fungia sp., commonly known as
mushroom coral. Live coral specimen in artificial seawater imaged with Olympus MVX
Fluorescent Macroscope and filters from Chroma Technology.
James H. Nicholson, NOAA.